The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has become an important driver of the rural economy in light of COVID-19 and the lockdown across the country. Yet, in most of the villages of Jaisinghnagar block, Shahdol, the work either did not start, or came to a standstill soon after.
Mid-May onwards, at the break of dawn, villagers of all ages from Jaisinghnagar could be seen walking with a gamcha (towel) and a water bottle toward the forests. They were on their way to collect tendu leaves, which are used for making beedis. For every 100 gaddis (bundles) made of 52 tendu leaves each, a person earns INR 250. On average, a family earns about INR 3,000 to 4,000 per month. The leaves are bought by the village collector, colloquially known as the fund munshi, who further sells it to the contractors assigned by the state.