Marina Vara Gutiérrez holds a bachelor’s degree in Biology and Ecology and a master’s degree in International Land & Water Management by Wageningen University & Research. As a member of the team at AidEnvironment, she is interested in promoting gender-sensitive regenerative agriculture practices. She is based in the Netherlands and is involved in rural development projects in India and Uganda.
The Indian government's agricultural policies are primarily focused on the promotion of
conventional agriculture, on monocropping production schemes paired with chemical
agricultural inputs into the food production system. These practices had led to an increasing soil
fertility problem in India over the last decades. As a consequence, there has been a rapid
increase in the number of Indian farmers and state governments adopting and promoting
regenerative agricultural practices. This has increased awareness about sustainable agriculture
among farmers that live in rural areas where access to information about these practices is
limited or nonexistent.
Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy. Agriculture in India is largely dependent on manual labour and hand tools, as mechanised farming methods are not commonly used. Although in other parts of rural India farmers use hand tools for many farming operations, in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand manual agriculture is still the most common practice.