Rainfed agriculture has traditionally been the main livelihood activity for poor families in rural India, which is supplemented in varying degrees by dependence on forests, small livestock rearing, handicrafts, wages, and hunting and gathering. Improving productivity of agriculture is essential to enhance rural livelihoods but agriculture has inherent limits as a livelihood option for landless families. Thus, besides increasing agricultural productivity, the challenge is to develop livelihood opportunities based on other occupations that supplement agricultural income, offset its uncertainty and exploit the growing demand for niche products, especially in urban centres. It is in this context that Tasar Sericulture becomes important since it has the potential to provide a stable income for the rural, especially tribal poor communities. Livelihood opportunities in Tasar Sericulture, thus, aims to serve as a resource book for individuals and/or organisations who are interested in promoting Tasar sericulture as a livelihood option in their respective areas. With its illustrative descriptions, the book guides the reader through the various dimensions of Tasar sericulture for poor farmers, including the livelihood perspective of Tasar sericulture, along with minute details of initiating and managing the activity in a sustainable manner.